Gum Disease Stages - Oakbrook Terrace & Chicago, IL

Gum Disease Is A Progressive Condition
Impacting The Gum Tissues And Bone
That Support The Teeth

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dental patient after periodontal treatment smiling with garden

Gum Disease & Your Health

Many individuals around the world are affected by gum disease, an oral condition primarily responsible for adult tooth loss today. Identifying and addressing the signs and symptoms of gum disease as early as possible is critical to keeping the progressive disease at bay, as the effects of the oral condition reach far beyond that of the mouth. A number of systemic health conditions have also been associated with gum disease. Given these oral and general health concerns, a screening for gum disease and treatment of affected areas are important components of any dental treatment plan.

Understanding the Three Progressive Stages of Gum Disease

Gum disease, when left untreated, can progress to the point of severe bone destruction and tooth loss. Beginning as gingivitis, gum disease is categorized into three stages, two of which involve irreversible damage to periodontal tissues.

gum disease graphic stage 1


Gingivitisis the earliest stage of the condition and is characterized by swollen, inflamed gum tissues that bleed when brushing, flossing or even spontaneously. Caused by bacteria residing within oral plaque, gingivitis affects gum tissue only and therefore does not cause any irreversible bone damage. This stage of gum disease is completely reversible when treated properly.

gum disease graphic stage 2


When gingivitis remains untreated, it often progresses to the stage of periodontitis. This is where critical, irreversible changes in oral tissues begin to take place. Bacteria living beneath the gum line emit toxins, signaling the body to begin destroying bone tissue supporting the teeth. Signs and symptoms of periodontitis include bleeding and inflamed gums, halitosis (bad breath), and early gum recession. Treatment is necessary to prevent further loss of gum and bone damage.

gum disease graphic stage 3

Advanced Periodontitis

Advanced periodontitis occurs when bacteria continue to destroy gum and bone tissue, resulting in significant loss of irreversible support for the teeth. Advanced bone loss incurs tooth mobility and ultimately tooth loss, if treatment is not received. Signs and symptoms of advanced periodontitis are bleeding and inflammation of the gum tissues, loose teeth, gum recession and halitosis.

Dr. Amarik Singh specializes in treating the stages of gum disease and improving the health of periodontal tissues. To schedule your gum disease consultation and learn about treatment options, contact our Oakbrook Terrace, IL office today.

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