Surgical Periodontal Treatments - Oakbrook Terrace, IL
Surgical Periodontal Treatments
The Dangers of Gum Disease
A healthy mouth means a healthy body. Gum disease is the leading cause of adult tooth loss in the United States and has been found to lead to and complicate other serious health conditions. Severe gum disease, known as periodontal disease, is an active and progressive infection in your mouth. It is a build-up of bacteria that, if left untreated, can lead to devastating tooth and bone loss.
Once you lose your jaw bone it does not grow back on its own. Periodontal disease thrives in your mouth and can spread to other parts of your body affecting and worsening systemic health conditions like, diabetes, heart disease, osteoporosis, and pancreatic cancer.
Gum disease can cause tooth and bone loss and the following symptoms:
What Is Periodontal Surgery?
Periodontal, or osseous surgery, is the traditional method for treating moderate to advanced gum disease and is typically performed after other treatments such as scaling and root planing have been attempted. Also known as pocket depth reduction surgery, the procedure is performed to reduce the depths of the “pockets” between the teeth and the gums and to create a clean environment around the teeth.
During the procedure, plaque and tartar is removed from the teeth underneath the gums and the area is smoothed of any remaining calculus. After the tooth roots are cleaned of the harmful bacteria that causes gum disease, the excess gum tissue is removed and stitches are used to hold the gums in the correct position during healing. The end result is a healthy smile!
The Benefits Of Osseous Surgery
Gum recession can often lead to exposure of root surfaces, and is a very common patient complaint. If your gums recede, Dr. Singh can restore them to more natural form and function. Gum recession can be caused by infection, tooth grinding, and even rarely from overly aggressive toothbrush usage by patients.
Tissue grafts are recommended to prevent further recession and bone loss in patients. Tissue grafts can also sometimes be used to cover exposed or sensitive root surfaces. This procedure is completed in our Oakbrook Terrace office and typically has a relatively short recovery time.
If you have advanced periodontal disease, deep pockets may form between your teeth and gums, and often cannot be cured with conventional non-surgical therapy. At this juncture, the doctor may recommend some type of surgical procedure.
The longer patients wait to treat deep periodontal disease, the more bacteria will build up inside the resistant pockets. We prefer to start with non surgical treatment and then after six months to a year make decisions on which areas require surgical treatment. It is preferable not to let bone loss become more severe in patients because it will typically elongate the treatment time frame.
During the pocket elimination surgery the gum tissue is folded back, the diseased tissue is removed along with the accompanied bacteria , and the tissue is placed back at a new level which will allow patients to keep the area clean after the procedure.
The surgery result is an improved oral environment that allows you to properly clean and maintain your teeth. This, in turn, prevents further damage, and increases the chances of keeping your own natural teeth long term.
If your tooth is decayed or broken near or below the gum line there may not be enough tooth structure to properly restore your tooth. If the doctor feels we have a good long term prognosis he we will recommend a crown-lengthening procedure. This surgical procedure allows the doctor to effectively adjust the level of the gum and bone, exposing more of your tooth and allowing the doctor to restore your tooth to its natural form and functionality.